Aztec Civilization


There are a number of ancient civilizations who hold very high historical value for archeologists because the remains of the way they lived help us understand the way these civilizations lived. In some cases, the ancient civilizations created some structures which still confuse the mind of a modern expert. People are still trying to solve the mystery of these ancient structures and lifestyles. It may be difficult to imagine that with the advent of such groundbreaking technology, it is still difficult to figure out how the ancient civilizations, with the limited resources at their disposal, achieved such wonders in architecture and tools. One such civilization was Aztec civilization which lived in parts of Mesoamerica which is now known as Mexico between 14th and 16th centuries.

The language prevailing in the Aztec civilization was Nahuatl and the cultural traits of this civilizations are said to be the point of origin for the modern day Mexican culture. Some of the culturally significant traits of the civilization include: maize cultivation in the region, building of two pyramids, and a pantheon. These structures still exist to some extent and they are the representatives of the greatness of the Aztec empire.

The Aztec empire was the association of three main states which were: Tenochtitlan, Tlacopan, and Texcoco. This triple alliance rose to new heights of power and dominance in the region and it resulted in the establishment of a strong empire which held strong political influence in the Mexican region. The Aztec empire began its decline after the death of Moctezuma II as the empire fell into the hands of the emperors who were weak and could not manage the establishment the way their predecessors did. Later, the Aztec empire came under the influence of the Spanish who installed their own rulers.

The Aztec civilization was also greatly affected by the outbreak of smallpox among the population which claimed as much as 50% of the total population. Over a time period of 60 years, the disease claimed a significant proportion of the Mexican population rendering the Aztec civilization a weak and small portion of other Spanish civilizations.

The rise and fall of the Aztec civilization has been an interesting topic of discussion and debate for most archeologists as there are competing views and opinions regarding the events that unfolded before and after the outbreak of the disease. In addition to that, the population prevailing in the Aztec civilization before and after the disease is also a hotly debated topic.

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